School Organization

School Organization

When two or more than two individuals struggle for common goals and objectives,it forms an organization (temporary or permanent).
Organization is formal Relation, Co-ordination and Co-operation between various activities
Modern Concept of school Organization
“Organization is an institute through which we reach the goal” By H.G Stead
School is an institute which fulfills the need of society. School help in the induction of values, norms and culture in students
According to Sears“Organization is like a Machine, which help in doing work, it contains individuals, sources and resources, ideas and belief, rules and regulations as their parts. Thus they are collectively called parts of Organization. This machine is either perceptual or dependent upon the Human desires”
Principles of school Organization
·         Protection of social Values:   the aim is to protect the social values of a nation by induction these values in students
·         Achievements of specific aims:
Monitor the aims of the school e.g. To make teaching Effective
To Organize co-curricular activities for students
Co-operation with society
Co-operation between society, school and parents(A democratic organization).
·         Flexible Organization:
To accept and induced changes with the passage of time to achieve the goal of improvement
·         Comprehensiveness:  Complete activity from every angle
·         Purposiveness:  Try to achieve aims and objectives
·         Utility: Utilized every available facility and resource in hand
·         Adoptability: To change with time and to adopt to new circumstances

·         Professional Growth: In-service training for teacher and other staff to improve their performance
·         Accountability: This principle will encourage hard workers and send a sign of alert to the rest of the staff
·         Simplicity: Medium of Instruction should be easy and simple
·         Reforms/ amendments:  Place for reforms and amendments
Scope and Importance of School Organization
The scope of school organization is very vast. It includes; efficiency of the institution, securing benefits of the school through practical measures, clarification of the functions of the school, coordination of the educational programs, sound educational planning, good direction, efficient and systematic execution. It provides close collaboration and sense of sharing responsibilities, organized purpose and dynamic approach.
An organization plays a vital role in the life of human being. It plays different functions like; brings efficiency, guide pupil to receive right direction from the right teachers, Enables the pupil to get profit from their learning, bring coordination in students-teachers-parents and society.
It provides well defined policies and programs, favorable teaching learning situation, growth and development of human beings, make use of appropriate materials, Effective development of human qualities, execution of the programs, arrangement of the activities, efforts for attainment of the objectives etc.
In democratic education emphasis is land upon the all-round development of the individual. Hence, the scope of the organization of the school is very wide. Primarily, the following aspects are covered by this:
·         The qualifications of the headmaster and the assistant masters of the school, their duties   and their timetable.
·         The drawing up of the syllabus from the point of view of the social good.
·         Periods of work, chalking out and implementation of plans.
·         Management of co-curricular activities, discipline and control, the school building, furniture in the classrooms, libraries etc.
·         The scheme of admission, progress and examination.
·         The examining of work pertaining to the income and expenditures in the school.
·          The mutual relationship between the society and school
·         Role of School Plant
It is a comprehensive term which means, building, playground, furniture, equipment, library, laboratory etc. all those physical facilities which are required for achieving various objectives of the school organization constitutes the school plant. Optimum utilization of school plant helps in achieving fruitful results and desired objectives.

·         Role of Curricular and Co-Curricular Activities
Kerr defined curriculum as, “all the learning which is planned and guided by the school whether it is carried on in a group or individually, inside the school or outside it”. He further states that it can be divided into four inter-related components i.e., curriculum objectives, knowledge, learning experiences and curriculum evaluation. Curricular activities involves games, sports, scouting, hiking, debates, essay writing, workshops, symposiums, naat competitions, role playing, discussion, seminars which play their important role for comprehensive development of the personality of the child.

·         Role of Human Resources
Human resources of the school are students, teaching staff and non-teaching staff. There is no betterment without teacher in the school. Proper planning and organization of teaching learning activities can only be achieved through Cooperation, willingness, involvement, fellow feelings and devotion of teachers, students, librarians, assistants, peons, etc.

·         Role of Financial Resources

Utilization and development of financial resources have its great importance in school organization. School organization requires proper budgeting, accounting and audit system because these are beneficial for making transparent policies, plans, rules and regulation. 

1.            Planning
2.            Staff & its Efficiency
3.            Directing
4.            Co-ordination
5.            Communication
6.            Discipline
7.            Budgeting 
8.            Reporting
9.            Website
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