Purpose of School Discipline





Purpose of School Discipline
(Presentation outlines)

Definition and Purpose of School Discipline
School discipline is the system of rules, punishments and behavioral policies suitable for maintenance of order in schools. Its aim is to create a safe and conducive learning environment in the classroom.
The older concept
Maintaining order in class room by punishment
The students have to abide the rigid rules, any means penalties
The stick and instruction were considered inseparable
In the words of Reborn, True discipline should be mainly positive and constructive rather than negative and restrictive. It must be creative. It should build up rather than tear down
Discipline should be measured through positive measures and not through negative measures, it should be creative
According to the modern concept of discipline, there are three types of discipline:
·         internal Discipline
·         External Discipline
·         Social Discipline.
Internal Discipline is self-control and it is learnt by the practice through ages. A child cannot be expected to exercise this discipline at an early age. It needs to be taught with patience
External Discipline is imposed from outside, by a supreme authority and its defiance result in punishment. Though not widely practiced but it is an effective tool in making people obey rules that they do not like.
Social Discipline is outside the school boundary and it not taught informal schools, the child learn it from the society and the people it interacts with. School can only refine the social discipline, but knowing what is causing the problem and what should be done to avoid these problems.
Two main goals of School discipline
1. Ensure the safety of staff and students, and
2. Create an environment conducive to learning.
The word “discipline’ is derived from the Latin root “disciples” meaning a pupil or disciple or followers
Purpose of the discipline is also to develop the attitudes, habits, ideas, and code of conduct
through the medium of the social life
which should be organized on a cooperative basis and inspired by higher ethical teaching of religion.
Discipline gives children a feeling of security by telling them what they may and may not do.
Discipline enables children to live according to standards approved by the social group and thus to win social approval.
It helps children to avoid from frequent feelings of guilt and shame for misbehavior-feelings that certainly lead to unhappiness and poor adjustment.
Discipline helps children to develop a conscious, the “internalized voice” that guides them in making their own decisions and controlling their own behavior.
Factors affecting School Discipline
Lack of Leadership in Teacher:
 Teachers have no respect in society.
Teachers get involved politics and self-interest activities
 Late to school: coming late to school for work creates bad example for others.
Talking in the class:
Neglecting homework:
Bullying the younger students:
Telling lies:
Unwanted Parent Involvement:
Overburdened Teachers:
School administration should take care of the workload of its workers and keep in mind the amount of work given to the Teachers
Education System of Pakistan
 Economic Difficulties
Lack of Communication
o   Between staff,
o   students and teacher,
o   teacher and Parents
   
How to improve
* Treat with Respect
 Grant Responsibilities
*Differentiate Between Student and Teacher Problems
Identify Issues & Make Changes
Punishment and rewards
Reward systems
A threat is any stimulus that causes the brain to trigger a defensive reaction or a sense of helplessness.
Physical-”Do you want a spanking?”
Intellectual-”You have 30 seconds to finish that work.”
Emotional-”Go put your name on the board.”
Reward systems
“At risk children can easily be threatened by discipline programs based on reward and punishment.  They are the ones most likely NOT to receive the reward and most likely TO receive punishment.”
Reward systems
The part of the brain needed to make changes is located in the frontal lobes.  The frontal lobes do not engage when a child perceives that others have control or when they feel pressured to perform. 
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The intent is to punish:  The goal is to make children feel guilty, wrong or bad about themselves.
The intent is to save:  The goal is to save children from intense feelings of discomfort, generally because they are uncomfortable for us.
The intent is to teach:  The goal is to help children to feel, reflect and be responsible for their choices.
Side effects
Loss of optimal brain functioning due to threat
Reduction in long-term quality performance
Reduced ability to develop values of caring, respect and friendliness
Reduced ability for creative and higher-order thinking
Reduced self-confidence
Reduction in inner drive and intrinsic motivation
.
Instead of viewing people as being good or bad, it is possible to view children as well as ourselves in different terms.  The two states of being we all fluctuate between are extending love and calling for love.
10 Principles of Discipline
1.  Know your children
2.  Knowledge of how children develop
3.  Positive Discipline holds adults accountable as models
4.  Positive Discipline demands adults maintain self control
5.  We see from the child’s point of view
.
6. State clearly and assertively what we want and expect
7.  Positive Discipline asks that we use discipline as teaching, not to punish
8.  Positive Discipline demands that we be in relationship with children
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9.  Positive Discipline looks for solutions, NOT blame
10.  Positive Discipline is always communicated with the intention of love.

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