Basic Research




Definitions of Research

Research is:

*        Organised systematic scientific investigation to solve problems and  test hypothesis, or Add new knowledge to the field of study
*      Research is a very careful, critical and disciplined inquiry varying in technique and method according to the nature and conditions of the problem identified, directed towards the clarification or resolution (or both) of a problem.


Definitions of Research
Ø  Research is:  Organized systematic scientific investigation to solve problems and test hypothesis, or Add new knowledge to the field of study.
Ø  Research is a very careful, critical and disciplined inquiry varying in technique and method according to the nature and conditions of the problem identified, directed towards the clarification or resolution (or both) of a problem.
Ø  Basic research is conducted to expand knowledge and understanding by either developing or testing theory. Its focus is knowledge for knowledge's sake. It is typically what we think of when we think of scientific research.
Ø  Classification of Research by purpose is based on a purpose, to which findings have direct application and the degree to which they are generalizable to other situations
Ø  Basic research involves the process of collecting and analyzing data/information to develop or enhance theory. Basic research is conducted solely for the purpose of theory development and improvement of the existed knowledge.
Ø  Basic research or fundamental research (sometimes called pure research) is research carried out to increase the knowledge, understanding of fundamental principles and establishing new theories. Most of the time the end results have no direct or immediate outcome for the benefits of society but in long term it lay foundation for new inventions and applied research. Basic research is mainly carried out in universities by researcher and students.
Ø  Basic research advances fundamental knowledge about the human world. It focuses on refuting or supporting theories that explain how this world operates, what makes things happen. Basic research is the foundation of new scientific ideas and way of thinking about this world.
Ø  Basic research is important for nourishing the expansion of traditional knowledge toward theory which help applied research to invent new things. Scientific Researchers conduct most of the basic research.
Ø  Basic research, either directly or indirectly, involves in the development of theory
Ø  Basic research can be exploratory, descriptive, or explanatory. Basic research generates new ideas, principles and theories which are the foundations of modern progress and development in different fields.
Ø  Researchers are constantly challenging and questioning existing traditional theories. The goal of basic research is to develop theory that is supported by empirical evidence, or more precisely, that empirical evidence does not contradict or refute theory
Ø  Basic research theories are based on assumptions.
Ø  Basic research provides the theory that produce implications for solving educational problems; applied research provides data to support theory, guide theory revision, or suggest development of new theory.

Organized systematic scientific investigation to solve problem

Summary of basic Research
Ø  Pure, fundamental research
Ø  Discovery of new knowledge, theoretical in nature
Ø  Takes many years for the results of basic research to find some practical utility
Ø  Justified in terms of gaining knowledge for its sake – they focus on making things better and creating a more humane society
Ø  The main motivation is to expand man's knowledge
Ø  Done for the intellectual pleasure of learning
Ø  Mainly concerned with generalizations and with the formulation of a theory
Ø  Directed towards finding information that has broad base of applications
Ø  No commercial value attached to the discoveries that result from basic research.
Ø  Involves a search for enduring or general truths
Ø  Exploration curious rather than dull events

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